I have a single blade Stanley box scraper, with the arched logo on the
blade, that is similar. The scraper head is mounted on a 'Y' shaped handle
that permits the head to operate like a gimbal.
Somewhere in the deep, dark and dusty corners of my memory, your mystery
thingy brings to mind a line drawing in a book, possibly one by Alex
Bealer, of a floor plane that was mounted on a long handle.
Contemplating a sticking board for an upcoming project.