Copyright Information

The following statement details the conditions under which I offer the content at my web site. The intention of this license is to give you the right to do whatever you wish with the information provided, as long as you give subsequent users the same rights I gave you. In all cases I wish to be credited in some fashion so that people know that I created part or all of the material they are looking at. Not giving me appropriate credit is plagarism and I view this as theft.

All content on this site (unless otherwise noted) is Copyright © 1999 - 2023, Christopher S. Swingley.

The following is a summary of the Copyright license for all pages (unless specifically noted). To read the full legal code of the license, consult the Creative Commons License (Attribution - ShareAlike Version 3.0) page.

Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of these pages, provided the copyright notice is preserved on all copies, and a link (printed or electronic) to this permission notice is also preserved on all copies. This includes (but is not limited to) printing these pages, mirroring all or part of this site on another web server, or copying the content in electronic or printed form.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of the content on these pages under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one, and that credit is given to the original author.

Although not a requirement of this notice, I would appreciate notification if my content is offered in any form to the public (web site, printed copies, etc.).

One final note: I disclaim liability of any kind whatsoever, including, without limitation, liability for quality, performance, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose arising out of the use or inability to use this site. This disclaimer applies to all pages at

For the OldTools Archive section of this site, Copyright on individual messages is retained by the poster, but the collection, interface, and site design belongs to me and is licensed under the terms mentioned above.